Last week, Hamas launched a sweeping attack on Israel. As his government responded with strikes in Gaza, Israeli Prime Minister Netanyahu warned of a “long and difficult war” ahead. A 2017 RAND report offers context for this violence, the latest eruption in a cycle that has long plagued the region.
Israel's Iron Dome anti-missile system intercepts rockets launched from the Gaza Strip, as seen from Ashkelon in southern Israel, October 9, 2023
Photo by Amir Cohen/Reuters